The kingdom of Rajasthan has had many great kings and emperors rule over it. Rajasthan, home to many different rulers, has seen the greatness of the Rajput’s, the bravery of the Mughals, and the luxurious lifestyle of Jat royal families. To witness the History of Rajasthan, book the Rajasthan tour package offered by Lock Your Trip.
The ancient history of Rajasthan takes us back to the time when a human settlement may be traced back to the days of the Indus Valley Civilization. Rajasthan has caught the imagination of several republics, including the Arjuna’s, Kushans, Malvas, Saka Satraps, and Yadhya’s, due to its geographical location. Rajasthan was part of the Gupta Empire in 321 BCE, which constructed various infesting Buddhist caves and Stupas in Jhalawar.
The Gupta Empire began to decline in the sixth century as a result of political turmoil. However, when the Gujara-Pratiharas came to power around 700 CE, the situation normalized. By 851 CE, the army of Gujara-Pratiharas had established itself in Rajasthan.
The Rajput family came to supremacy in Rajasthan in the ninth century. The Rajput’s’ unmatched courage and qualities played a major part in the history of Rajasthan. Rajput soldiers used to battle against all difficulties, live with honour, and offer their life for the glory of the empire whenever the circumstances demanded it. From the ninth through the twelfth century AD, the Rajput dynasty rose to dominance and was divided into 36 royal families and 21 kingdoms.
Many Rajput lords were object to Islamic control in Rajasthan, yet others began holding personal conversations with them. The Chauhan kingdom was created in Rajasthan in the 10th century. Rajasthan was often assault by foreign kings throughout the Chauhan Empire’s existence. When Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Rajasthan in 1191, the Muslim monarch, Muhammad Ghori, began continuous attacks, ending in the first battle of Tarain. Although Muhammad Ghori was defeat. He attack again in 1192, and then Chauhan was defeat.
Soon after the death of the Chauhan family in 1200, Muslim rulers began to establish themselves in Rajasthan. In North India between 1540 and 1556. There was a boom of Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya (also know as Hemu). Hemu defeated an Afghan governor, Junaid Khan, in Ajmer in 1553 and began building his own empire. Hemu was murdered by Akbar’s forces at the battle of Panipat in 1556.
Mewar was the focus of attention for every king in the 13th century. Slowly and methodically, Akbar established partnerships with several Rajput lords. In 1562, Akbar married Jodha Bai, the daughter of the Maharaja of Amer, one of the Rajput princesses.
Some Rajput kings formed ties with Akbar as well; however, some withdrew away from him and chose to maintain their independence. Raja Man Singh of Mewar, the creator of Udaipur, was one such king who opposed Akbar. He never accepted Akbar’s authority and was often in clashes with him. In 1567, a fight took place when Akbar, with his 50,000 army men and 60,000 warriors, attacked Chittorgarh, Mewar’s capital.
Rajput ladies did not wish to live under Mughal authority and committed Jauhar (self-immolation of women).
Akbar was now the ruler of practically all of Rajputana. Most Rajput rulers had surrendered to the Mughals. After Raja Maan Singh of Mewar died, his son Maharana Pratap inherited the throne and was a staunch opponent of the Mughal Empire, intent to depose the Mughals. The fight a devastating battle with Akbar at the Haldighat crossing in 1576, and gravely wound.
Rana Pratap was in exile for 12 years, sometimes attacking the Mughal ruler. Eventually, during the Battle of Dewar, he was able to reclaim lost Mewar territory and free most of Rajasthan from Mughal dominion. Rana Uday Singh, his son Rana Pratap, Bhappa Rawal, Rana Kumbha, and Prithviraj Chauhan are only a few of the great Rajput leaders whose velour is still engrave in the Rajasthan sands.
In the modern history of Rajasthan, A Jatt (peasant caste) ruler further built Bharatpur city in 1707. By 1803 the Marathas had captured some of Rajasthan, commanded by Peshwa Baji Rao of Pune. The majority of the Rajput’s fell under the Maratha Empire’s rule and kept paying the tip of the hat to Pune. This continued until the British East India Company overtook the Marathas as the main rulers.
The British established their power in India in 1857, and most Rajput kingdoms backed with them. The Rajput-British alliance permitted Rajasthan to remain independent, limited to only certain political and economic restrictions. Under British authority, the nineteen Rajput kingdoms signed a contract and formed the state of Rajasthan.